Coulsdon is one of the southern towns of Croydon. The area is administered by three local councils, most substantial part falls into Croydon Council area, but Sutton, Reigate and Banstead councils manage parts of it as well. Coulsdon is part of the North Downs area. Hills are formed of Chalk and Flint, the soil is generally dry and is the watershed, which has constituted a natural route way across the Downs for new populations. Around 30 000 people live in Coulsdon and benefit from beautiful green valleys, good road connections to Gatwick airport, Brighton and easy reach of M25. The central area of Coulson has substantial industrial, automotive and distribution services, convenience, standard socialising and niche retail as well as local professions of a typical town in the country.
Smitham Bottom or Valley is at the heart of Coulson. It is the location, where the three dry valleys merge into one. Since 2006 a town centre arc of the A23 road and on Chipstead Valley Road, which terminates halfway along the arc, leading directly to Woodmansterne. The soil is dry, and water was obtained even in 1912 by deep wells here in the chalk. Dry valley in the chalk, Smitham Bottom, has a watercourse below the pool. Until the 16th century it occasionally in times of flood ran here but after this it can break out as far as at the foot of the chalk in Croydon and Beddington.
Farthing Downs is a natural 235 acre of chalk grassland lying within the London green belt. Farthing Downs was designated in 1975 as part of the Farthing Downs and Happy Valley Site of Special Scientific Interest for having the ‘most extensive area of semi-natural downland habitats remaining in Greater London, in particular, the species-rich chalk and neutral grasslands. A long history of human activity has been recorded on the site with archaeological finds and features dating from the Neolithic, Iron Age and Roman periods. Farthing Downs was cultivated up to the 2nd century and used afterwards as pasture for grazing animals. Due to the national importance of its archaeological features, parts of Farthing Downs are designated as Scheduled Monuments. The monument includes a regular-aggregate field system, associated trackway and Anglo-Saxon barrow field surviving as earthworks and below-ground remains.
Coulsdon Manor and Golf Club are 140 acres of landscaped parkland, where you and the family might forget to be just 15 miles away from the centre of London. Many rare and unusual trees are planted in grounds of Coulsdon Manor, initially brought and planted by Byron Family. It’s a heaven for any keen golf player. Club has a challenge of 18 holes for you and your teammates! History of Manor House dates back to the 1800s, and all restorations and repairs since then maintained it’s natural beauty and character of the buildings.