Shirley is a residential area in Croydon, South London, managed by London Borough of Croydon Council. Until early 1930’s area was dominated by large farmhouses, estates and few hamlets. Houses called Spring Park, Monks Orchard, Shirley Park, Shirley Lodge and Ham, names which are reflected in the names of neighbourhoods in Shirley today. Over 15 000 people live in Shirley, which is surrounded by historic buildings with excellent transport links and parks.
Monks Orchard is one of the areas in Shirley. Historical place, but nothing religious about it! Munke family named the Monks Orchard Estate in Addington, who owned the estate in the 1550s. When Lewis Lloyd purchased the estate, Monks House was the most substantial building in Croydon area, with 19 bedrooms, library, billiard room, dining hall the size of 36 by 21 ft. Monks Orchard estates and gardens covered a huge area of 1540 acres, including some grand residences like Spring Park, Eden Park, Shirley Farm, Ham Farm, Oak Lodge Farm. The estate was sold in parts in the 1920s, the primary buyer of lands was the City of London Corporation, which also built the Bethlem Royal Hospital.